dotConnect for Oracle Documentation
Spatial Data Support for EF Core

dotConnect for Oracle supports working with Spatial data in Entity Framework Core 3 and 5 via the NetTopologySuite GIS library.

The spatial service used is specified in the SpatialServiceType property.

Note for Users Who Upgrade to EF Core from EF5 or EF6

Entity Framework v5 and v6 support spatial data types. These types are represented as two DbGeometry and DbGeography data types from System.Data.Entity.dll in .NET Framework 4.5 (Entity Framework 5) or from EntityFramework.dll (Entity Framework 6). However, these classes themselves were not independent, but they were rather wrappers for full-featured classes from some third-party GIS library.

dotConnect for Oracle supports spatial data for Entity Framework v5 and v6 via the NetTopologySuite 1.x library. Upgrade process would be complicated not just because you need to use the corresponding NetTopologySuite classes (Geometry, Point, LineString, Polygon, etc.), but also because of partial incompatibility between EF Core and EF v5 and v6.

Linking NetTopologySuite to Provider

If you create an Entity Framework Core model in Entity Developer via the database-first approach, it downloads all the necessary NuGet packages and links assemblies automatically. If you use code-first approach, and write the classes and mapping code yourself, you will need to perform additional actions.

.NET Core 2 or Higher

If you target .NET Core 2, .NET Core 3 or .NET 5, and you use dotConnect NuGet packages, all the necessary assemblies are loaded automatically. Just install the corresponding NuGet package - Execute the following command in the Package Manager Console:

Install-Package Devart.Data.Oracle.EFCore.NetTopologySuite

Full .NET Framework

If you target Full .NET Framework, and you use assemblies, installed by the dotConnect for Oracle installer, you need to add the Devart.Data.Oracle.Entity.EFCore.NetTopologySuite.dll assembly from the Entity/EFCore3 subfolder of the provider installation folder to the project references.

Additionally, you need to install the NetTopologySuite NuGet package of version 2.1.0.

NetTopologySuite Configuration

Call the UseNetTopologySuite() method for DbContext options builder of the corresponding provider to link NetTopologySuite to the provider and enable the ability to map properties to spatial data types. Here is the example:

C#csharpCopy Code
  @""User Id=Scott;Password=tiger;Data Source=Ora;"",
  x => x.UseNetTopologySuite());
Visual BasicCopy Code
optionsBuilder.UseOracle( _
  ""User Id=Scott;Password=tiger;Data Source=Ora;"", _
  Function(x) x.UseNetTopologySuite())

Supported NetTopologySuite Data Types

Our Entity Framework Core provider supports a number of NetTopologySuite data types. Geometry is the base type for them, and you can use it in your application. However, you may use specific data types for properties if the corresponding database column stores only corresponding spatial figures:


Brief Description

Geometry Abstract base class for all spatial data types.
GeometryCollection A collection of geometry objects.
LineString A sequence of two or more vertices with all points along the linearly-interpolated curves (line segments) between each pair of consecutive vertices.
Point A single point.
Polygon A polygon with linear edges.
MultiLineString A collection of LineStrings.
MultiPoint A collection of Points.
MultiPolygon A collection of Polygons.

Mapping NetTopologySuite Types to Database Data Types

Suppose, we have the following class:

C#csharpCopy Code
   public class City {
    public int Id { get; set; }
    public Point Geometry { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
Visual BasicCopy Code
Public Class City
    Public Property Id As Integer
    Public Property Geometry As Point
    Public Property Name As String
End Class

It's not necessary to specify the column type for spatial properties, because Oracle uses only one spatial type — SDO_GEOMETRY, but you may specify it anyway:

C#csharpCopy Code
    .Property(p => p.Geometry)
Visual BasicCopy Code
modelBuilder.Entity(Of City)().[Property](Function(p) p.Geometry).HasColumnType("sdo_geometry")

See Also

Entity Framework Spatials